Today, many inventions are mistakenly ascribed to those people who only improved the product, but not actually made them. The names such that, Guglielmo Marconi, Thomas Edison and Galileo etc. there are much more inventions which are wrongly attributed to those persons, who only worked on the things already invented.
Number 1: The Internet
Ascribed Inventor: Al Gore : he never said that he invented the internet, but said, “During my service in the United States Congress, I took the initiative in creating the Internet.”
Actual Inventor: The inventers of Internet are, (they are the creators of ARPANET, from which internet took its form) Vinton Cerf,Lawrence Roberts, Leonard Klein rock,with Robert Kahn.
A person who can is recognized as ‘the father of the internet’ is Vinton Cerf (born June 23, 1943, pictured above) he is an American Computer Scientist. The contributions made by him are appreciated repeatedly, he was given many awards and honorary degrees, his awards include National Medal of Technology, The Turing Award, and The Presidential Medal of Freedom.
When he was doing graduation Vinton studied under Professor Gerald Estrin, and he worked in data packet Networking Group of Professor Leonard Kleinrock’s,that group connected the first two nodes of the ARPANet, the predecessor to the Internet, and “contributed to a host-to-host protocol” for it.
He met Robert E. Kahn, whilst he was at UCLA, Robert was working on the ARPANet hardware architecture.Cerf worked as Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist for Google,since September 2005. Read More
Researchers from Israel claim to develop a new computer program designed to decipher unreadable ancient writings. It will do a job of Google-like search engine for reading historical papers.
This program is based on a pattern recognition algorithm. It is much like to the algorithm security agencies are using to identify and compare fingerprints.
World is loudly observing this year’s double commemoration. First one is two hundred years since Charles Darwin’s birth and second 150 years since publishing of On the Origin of Species. And today one more scientific anniversary has come up silently. It marks a significant historical event which arguably altered human concepts and ideas and the way we see ourselves very irrevocably.
Right 400 hundred years back, on August 1609, the renowned Italian Galilie Galileo – legend in astronomy and philosophy – showed Venetian merchants his new invention – a telescope. He was not aware of that his invention will bring a whole of trouble for him besides giving him immortality in science history.
From job sites to search engines to social networks, sites have been reviewed over the past year. The reviewed sites were belonging to about every cross-section of the web. Following is the list of top 24 websites which excited a lot; and now we are looking at where will they take us in 2009.
Readers are requested to tell us about 2008′s most under-rated websites through their comments.
CarZen is a good website to choose cars and know the details of them. It lets you match the automobiles of your criteria.
This website provides a stock of music market for growing podcast needs. The stock music market is user made and is well taken care of.
The website is good for entrepreneurs. The website allows UK-based companies to link with videos and find for source of advice, information as well as funding.
CoNotes is a nice job website. The website allows employers to search for candidates and also allows candidates to look for employers. The coolest feature is a section for comments and questions about companies. So that one can learn about the company before he apply for any job.
We all know how useful internet is in today’s world. It’s your ultimate source of pretty much everything you need information on, your medium of staying in touch with friends and relatives across the globe, it is what you use to express your feelings and opinions on anything and everything you feel strongly about, and it may even be your bread and butter. In short, in this era where technology has pretty much taken our lives over, it’s impossible to imagine what life without internet would be.
But you must remember that though it connects you to the world, it can expose you to the world as well. What most innocent web users don’t realize is that anonymity is the best policy when using the internet. Initially, it’s a great feeling to see your name pop up when you search it on Google, but what you don’t realize is that, that Stumbleupon photo blog that was automatically generated when you added your ratings to that nude photo has also made it to all the search engines. Similarly, your funny home movies, your age, your personal information that you carelessly added to your MySpace or Facebook or other social networking profiles all becomes public information for anyone who wants to see it.
If I will do this, then this will happen, and if i do this differently then that may happen. Yes, it is what we all keep doing. We all try to define our future steps by planning things and then thinking that this will happen in the end. But what we lack is we see things with our strength and ability. We forget that some people posses ‘can do attitude’ and once they decide to do something, they continue working on it until they get success.
Same is true in technology world as well. Many people from technology world has been predicting, but most of the predictions were cause of a laugh when that time came and prediction turned false. Following is a list of 30 best predictions which never came true. Lets know about them.
1. High speed Rails
Dr Dionysys Larder (1793-1859) predicted that
“Rail travel at high speed is not possible because passengers, unable to breathe, would die of asphyxia”.
Dr Dionysys was a professor of Natural Philosophy and Astronomy at University College London.
2. Making of a Ship against Wind
When Napoleon Bonaparte was told of rober Fulton’s steamboat in 1800, his statement was
“How, sir, would you make a ship sail against the wind and currents by lighting a bonfire under her deck? I pray you, excuse me, I have not the time to listen to such nonsense.”
3. Railroads is a bad system
Martin Van Buren, Governor of New York, in 1830 wrote to the president that
“Dear Mr. President: The canal system of this country is being threatened by a new form of transportation known as ‘railroads’ … As you may well know, Mr. President, ‘railroad’ carriages are pulled at the enormous speed of 15 miles per hour by ‘engines’ which, in addition to endangering life and limb of passengers, roar and snort their way through the countryside, setting fire to crops, scaring the livestock and frightening women and children. The Almighty certainly never intended that people should travel at such breakneck speed”.
4. Telephone has Shortcomings
It was printed in a memo at Western Union in 1878 ( or may be 1876) that
“This ‘telephone’ has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered as a means of communication. The device is inherently of no value to us”.
5. Electric Light will Close as well
Oxford professor Erasmus Wilson predicted that
“When the Paris Exhibition [of 1878] closes, electric light will close with it and no more will be heard of it”.
Today, we can’t expect life without electricity.
6. British Post don’t Need Telephone
It seems British were not believing on fast communications. In 1878, British Post Office gave a statement that
“The Americans have need of the telephone, but we do not. We have plenty of messenger boys”.
How backward thought they were having.
7. X-rays will be nothing but a Hoax
In 1883, the president of Royal Society Mr Lord Kevin stated that
“X-rays will prove to be a hoax”.
8. Alternating Current – A waste of time
Thomas Edison was an American inventor. In 1889 he commented that
“Fooling around with alternating current is just a waste of time. Nobody will use it, ever”.
Edison was fond of passing ridiculous arguments against his competitor George Westinghouse for AC power.
9. Impossible Flight of Machines Heavier than Air
“Flight by machines heavier than air is unpractical and insignificant, if not utterly impossible.”
This was predicted by Simon Newcomb. The prediction turned false when The Wright Brothers flew at Kitty hawk 18 months later.
10. Very Poor Energy by an Atom
Ernest Rutherford predicted that
“The energy produced by the breaking down of the atom is a very poor kind of thing”.
He gave his statement just after splitting the atom for the first time. He further stated that
“Anyone who expects a source of power from the transformation of these atoms is talking moonshine.”
11. Submarine will do Nothing
HG Wells was a British novelist. In 1901, he stated that
“I must confess that my imagination refuses to see any sort of submarine doing anything but suffocating its crew and floundering at sea”.
Wish he was still alive to see how submarines are playing a role in defense of a country.
12. Automobile will Never Replace Horse
We can see how automobile has replaced horses. But in 1903, the president of Michigan Savings Bank advised Henry Ford’s lawyer not to invest in Ford Motor Co. According to him,
“The horse is here to stay but the automobile is only a novelty – a fad”.
This means he was not trusting on mechanical engineering at all.
13. Transmitting voice across the Atlantic
In 1913, Lee DeForest sold the stock of his Radio Telephone Company by making a prediction that
“It would be possible to transmit the human voice across the Atlantic before many years”.
14. People want to see flesh and blood
In 1916, Charlie Chaplin, the actor, producer, director and studio founder, stated that
“The cinema is little more than a fad. It’s canned drama. What audiences really want to see is flesh and blood on the stage”.
It has been proved that audience is more interested towards love stories
|ABK||Corel Draw AutoBackup|
|ACL||Corel Draw 6 keyboard accelerator|
|ACM||Used by Windows in the system directory|
|ACP||Microsoft Office Assistant Preview file|
|ACT||Microsoft Office Assistant Actor file|
|ACV||OS/2 drivers that compress and decompress audio data|
|AD||After Dark screensaver|
|ADB||Appointment database used by HP 100LX organizer|
|ADD||OS/2 adapter drivers used in the boot process|
|ADM||After Dark MultiModule screensaver|
|ADP||Used by FaxWorks to do setup for fax modem interaction|
|ADR||After Dark Randomizer screensaver|
|AFM||Adobe font metrics|
|AF2||ABC Flowchart file|
|AF3||ABC Flowchart file|
|AI||Adobe Illustrator drawing|
|AIF||Apple Mac AIFF sound|
|ALB||JASC Image Commander album|
|ALL||Arts & Letters Library|
|AMS||Velvert Studio music module (MOD) file|
|ANC||Canon Computer Pattern Maker file that is a selectable list of pattern colors|
|API||Application Program Interface file; used by Adobe Acrobat|
|APR||Lotus Approach 97 file|
|APS||Microsoft Visual C++ file|
|ARC||LH ARC (old version) compressed archive|
|ARJ||Robert Jung ARJ compressed archive|
|ART||Xara Studio drawing|
|ART||Canon Crayola art file|
|ASA||Microsoft Visual InterDev file|
|ASM||Assembler language source file|
|ASP||Active Server Page (an HTML file containing a Microsoft server-processed script)|
|ASP||Procomm Plus setup and connection script|
|AST||Claris Works “assistant” file|
|ATT||AT&T Group 4 bitmap|
|AVI||Microsoft Video for Windows movie|
The other day, I was clearing the attic and found some really old computer magazines. May be they are my uncle’s. During next few day’s I would be sharing some interesting pieces from those no so long ago IT and computer industry. The buzz words are similar. the Advert says.
Now you can get our disk systems within 30 days ARO at industry’s lowest prices:
- 80 Mbytes for under $12,000*
- 300 Mbytes for under $20,000*
Field-Proven reliability, total software support and 30-day delivery. You’ve come to expect them all from us. And that’s why we’ve become world’s largest independent supplier of minicomputer disk storage systems.
Now add low price, Lower than minicomputer manufacturer, lower than any other independent – the lowest in the industry. Why? Because we buy more disk drives than anyone else and we can afford to pass the OEM discounts on to you.
There are an increasing number of equipment manufacturers and technology groups that provide operating systems (OS) for free personal and commercial use without any cost or fee. You are sometimes even free to use them, change their source code and redistribute them as well.
Like Anything that comes for free, do not expect fancy printed manuals and CD-ROMs and technical support. Yet you can count on the community that uses these OS to provide you support through chat rooms and forums and mailing lists.
You will also note that the size of these OS range from 1 to 10 GB so if you don’t have decent broadband connection, paying for a DVD/CD-ROM might seem reasonable. Also if you are not that techie, some of these companies offer helpdesk and support contracts, which can be bought at a reasonable price.
These days, there are three main uses for FreeDOS:
- Running classic DOS games
- Running business software that only supports DOS
- Supporting embedded DOS systems, such as a computerized cash register or till
FreeDOS should run on any standard PC, but if you are new to DOS, we recommend you use a PC emulator to install and boot FreeDOS. You can find PC emulators for all computer platforms (Windows, Linux, Mac.) You can even run FreeDOS using a PC emulator written in Java, right in your web browser!
RxDOS is a fast MS-DOS clone that supports very large disk drives, FAT32 volumes, and Windows 95/98 Long Filenames. its source code is also available free at sourceforge.
ReactOS is a free, modern operating system based on the design of Windows® XP/2003. Written completely from scratch, it aims to follow the Windows® architecture designed by Microsoft from the hardware level right through to the application level. This is not a Linux based system, and shares none of the unix architecture.
ReactOS had its origins in an older project known as FreeWin95. FreeWin95 aimed at being binary compatible with Microsoft® Windows® 95. It was founded by Yannick Majoros around 1996. But the development never took off substantially due to endless talks on design and thoughts of following the NT architecture.
The main goal of the ReactOS project is to provide an operating system which is binary compatible with Windows. This will allow your Windows applications and drivers to run as they would on your Windows system. Additionally, the look and feel of the Windows operating system is used, such that people accustomed to the familiar user interface of Windows® would find using ReactOS straightforward. The ultimate goal of ReactOS is to allow you to remove Windows® and install ReactOS without the end user noticing the change.Please bear in mind that ReactOS 0.3.7 is still in alpha stage, meaning it is not feature-complete and is not recommended for everyday use.
OpenSolaris is an operating system (OS), an open source project licensed under CDDL, and a community. The project’s goals are innovation, collaboration, and the extension of OpenSolaris technology.OpenSolaris is free, open source, and well-suited for desktops, laptops, servers, and data centers. The quality requirement of OpenSolaris is perhaps best stated as Production Ready All The Time.
OpenSolaris technical communities maintain kernel and userland consolidations and launch new technology projects. OpenSolaris is developed by communities working in the different projects. Each project focuses on one or more specific areas of the system. The OpenSolaris developer project is sponsored by Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Darwin is the UNIX technology-based foundation of Mac OS X. Darwin integrates several technologies. Among the most important are 4.4BSD-based operating-system services (built on the Mach 3.0 microkernel), the I/O Kit, networking facilities, and support for multiple integrated file systems. Developers can use Darwin to port UNIX/Linux applications and create kernel extensions.
In addition to being part of Mac OS X, Darwin is a standalone, BSD-based operating system. (BSD, short for Berkeley Software Distribution, is a family of UNIX variants descended from Berkeley’s version of UNIX.)Darwin is also occasionally used to refer to the Darwin Streaming Server, also known as the QuickTime Streaming Server (QTSS).